People often ask me how to start learning to draw or how to improve on their skills. I finally figured I should consolidate my answers here :) Please keep in mind this is all just my opinion based on my personal experience. At the end of the day, I think it's best to hear everyone's approach and then decide what is best for you.
Practice sketchbooks from 2016
I am self-taught in the sense that I never went to a formal art school. I think there are pros and cons to that, which I'll get into in another post in the future. I always enjoyed drawing growing up but didn't take illustration seriously until about two years ago. That was when I really started seeing improvement.
Although I am self-taught, it doesn't mean I learned without any teachers. I have taken a couple individual art classes and also learn a lot from books written by art professors and online tutorials by artists I admire. So I am self-taught in the sense that I am self-motivated, but I learn from pros. I am all about being strategic, disciplined and efficient with learning.
These are the resources I recommend for people looking to self-teach themselves drawing. You can definitely get pretty far simply from free or relatively inexpensive resources these days (if a $30 book is too expensive to you, then school is definitely too expensive!).
Evolving my style in 2017
Self-Learners: Where to Start
As for where to get started, I would say your path depends on your goals. Do you want to just get better for fun/relaxation? Or do you hope to become a professional illustrator one day?
For both of these paths, I would say the main thing is just to start drawing. And if you can, practice daily! Honestly anybody can learn how to draw at a basic proficiency if they want to, just like anyone can learn to cook at a basic level. It just takes a the initiative to learn and practice. It's worth it! The best part is that learning how to see with an artist's eye makes you see and appreciate the world in a whole new way.
Here are some general overall thoughts regardless of which path you are on:
Make yourself a space. Set up a space in your home dedicated to drawing. It can just be a cleared out corner of a dining table, just somewhere you can say "this is where I draw."
Don't worry about getting the right tools just to start. While having a notebook and pencil you enjoy using is a great motivator, don't hold yourself up because you don't have a pro tablet, nice drawing paper, or epic pencils! These are absolutely not necessary for beginners. Pick up what you have and get started. Once you're ready to upgrade, check out my post on all my favorite analog toolsfor recommendations.
Try a daily challenge. You can make one up or join an ongoing challenge in a community like Instagram. Keep it simple, like a bird a day or a robot a day. Not having to think about a new prompt every day allows you to just start drawing. Also, drawing the same type of thing over and over leads to quicker improvement.
Do not compare yourself to others! It's so easy to log on to Instagram or Pinterest or YouTube and see the work of amazing artists and feel discouraged. Don't! They've been doing it for years and have thousands of hours of practice under their belt. They can freehand a beautiful painting not because they are innately better than you'll ever be, but because they have put in the time and effort behind the scenes. Only compare yourself to your last drawing. Look to others for inspiration and motivation. Once it starts getting discouraging, change your perspective or change the channel.
Path A: You want to draw for fun/relaxation, and just want to be better at it.
I would recommend watching free hobbyist-friendly YouTube drawing tutorial videos and getting some fun books :) Draw what you like. Keep it fun and you'll naturally want to do it more often!
YouTube: I thinkIraville has a sweet channel. You can browse related channels from her page. I heard Bob Rosspainting parties are all the rage these days :)
Books, Intermediate: For something a little more advanced, I think Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain is a great intro to thinking about how to draw and how to see the world like an artist. However, this book is for being able to replicate something you see in front of you, not for being about to draw from your imagination.
Path B: You want to start down a path of taking drawing and illustration seriously.
This is a streamlined version of the path I've gone down, aka the advice I would have given myself two years ago. I'm sure I'll have updates in another year, and another five years, and another 10 years, but here's where I am now.
Identify your goal. What do you want to ultimately do? Graphic novelist, animator, general illustrator in many practices, concept artist for video games, etc.? If you're not sure, can you at least identify some artists you admire and consider being #goals? This will help focus your path.
Learn the basics. Learn Anatomy, Color Theory, Light/Shadow, Perspective, etc. There is no getting around this. I tried :) Even if you think you want to have a simple style, your ability to control your style will be greatly elevated by understanding human anatomy. Knowing perspective lets you break it back down into interesting flattened interpretations. A lot of illustration and art is about design and color theory, to know how to make things interesting and where and how to draw the viewer's eye.
Understand "Why." I really believe it should start here. So often art schools (or honestly, any school) jump straight into the tedium of basics without getting people excited about why they're learning it. Truly understand why you need to learn the basics, and then you will feel motivated. As Picasso famously put it, "Learn the rules like a pro, so you can break them like an artist." It's very true. But hey, I heard that quote before too and I still just tried to jump straight into a style. But if you try this shortcut, it will be very difficult to develop your own strong style. You'll be trapped in your own limitations. Once I saw how learning the basics dramatically improved my ability to interpret that into my own style, I approached the basics much more enthusiastically. I really resonated with what concept artist Stanley Lau said in this YouTube video, Get Ready for the Art Industry.
Anatomy: Proko is the best free resource I have found to learn human anatomy. He's engaging and puts in a lot of effort to make his videos easy to understand. The free ones are enough to get the grasp of it. He also offers a paid course for you to dive deeper.
Drawing Basics:Draw a Boxis a fantasic free resource. The creator took courses at Concept Design Academy and translated them into beginner-friendly chunks for free online consumption.
Color Theory: Color is deceptively challenging to really get right. Besides reading articles through Google, I really appreciated Joseph Albers' Interaction of Color. Besides basic color theory, he really gets into the illusion and relativity of color. There's actually a cool interactive iPad app version that you should get instead of the book if you have an iPad. It's worth the cost.
Digital Painting: I personally took an Introduction to Digital Painting course with an Art Center professor at a local gallery here in Los Angeles. I learned a lot from it but it also cost several hundred dollars. I think CTRL Paintis a great free resource to teach yourself online. There are plenty of amazing digital speed painting videos on YouTube you can see to supplement this.
Other: I am subscribed to most of the YouTube channels listed on this blog article here. I don't have time to watch them all, but I did watch quite a few of Stanley ArtGerm Lau and Draw with Jazza's videos. Brushboost is another channel not listed that is worth watching.
Practice Daily. Practice Deliberately. There is no getting around putting in the hours. However, there is a way to do it smart. A good tip is to practice in a focused manner, or "deliberate practice." Identify your weaknesses and hone in on that. Repeat drawings and studies until you get it right. If you just draw a bunch of different things all the time, you'll still improve, but not as quickly. Draw with Jazza and Proko both have good videos on this point. Full disclosure: I'm guilty of this myself, as I get tired of drawing the same thing over and over and like to draw new things. I try to find the best balance for me in terms of deliberate practice and keeping myself interested.
Study (but Don't Copy) the Masters. Once you have your basics in order, I would recommend studying the pros in whatever field you want to pursue. Find people you admire (and don't limit yourself to current artists; for example, I love looking at Rembrant and Caravaggio's paintings for their epic use of light). Really focus on their technique and design decisions. But don't bother copying their style; it's already been done. At some point your style will come out of you, a combination of your entire life experience plus the styles you admire, all mixed together to become something new.
Take Client Work Seriously. If you're just starting out, you are most likely not going to get the most glamorous illustration jobs. Regardless, take the opportunity to do the best possible work you can. (Of course, do it on your own terms; don't get taken advantage of by bad clients). If you can deliver above and beyond, (1) that's great for your portfolio, (2) it's building your reputation, (3) it might also encourage your client to recommend you to their network. I remember seeing some incredible illustrations for very obscure articles in very obscure journals, and I admire that the artist put in the extra work. I believe it will pay dividends down the road.
Be Your Own Client. A lot of people seem to have difficulty coming up with the motivation to practice. To be completely frank, the first thing may be to question if this is truly your passion if that's case. But another problem just might be that you need the right project/vessel for your passion. You do NOT need to wait for a client to work on a project. If anything your passion projects are going to make you practice the hardest. So make up your own dream project and just go for it!
Supplement As Needed. I think it makes total sense to maximize what's available for free through the resources above and then supplement it with paid courses on an as-needed basis. Art classes are so expensive and I think should be chosen with care. This will cost way less than art school while still giving you professional guidance. In Los Angeles, Art Center at Night and Concept Design Academy are highly regarded (I can only speak to the former although I plan to try the latter this year). There are also many professional-level online courses now too, such as Schoolism.
There are a ton of great professional-level books out there too. And don't forget, you are always able to look up the curriculum and book lists of respected art schools. I personally have enjoyed Andrew Loomis' illustration books and ones by industry leaders such as How to Draw and How to Render. I'll do a separate post in the future on all the books I recommend.